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101 Dikter, Dramatiker, Playwright, poet, theatre director

[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henrik_Ibsen Henrik Johan Ibsen] (Norwegian pronunciation: [http://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henrik_Ibsen XhXnXXk XXpsXn]; 20 March 1828 X 23 May 1906) was a major 19th-century Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. He is often referred to as "the god father" of modern drama and is one of the founders of Modernism in the theatre. His plays were considered scandalous to many of his era, when Victorian values of family life and propriety largely held sway in Europe. Ibsen's work examined the realities that lay behind many facades, possessing a revelatory nature that was disquieting to many contemporaries. It utilized a critical eye and free inquiry into the conditions of life and issues of morality. Ibsen is often ranked as one of the truly great playwrights in the European tradition, alongside such other notable playwrights as Sophocles and Shakespeare.

'''Family and youth'''

Ibsen was born to Knud Ibsen and Marichen Altenburg, a relatively well-to-do merchant family, in the small port town of Skien, Norway, which was primarily noted for shipping timber. He was a descendant of some of the oldest and most distinguished families of Norway, including the Paus family. Ibsen later pointed out his distinguished ancestors and relatives in a letter to Georg Brandes. Shortly after his birth his family's fortunes took a significant turnfor the worse. His mother turned to religion for solace, and his father began to suffer from severe depression. The characters in his plays often mirror his parents, and his themes often deal with issues of financial difficulty as well as moral conflicts stemming from dark secrets hidden from society.

At fifteen, Ibsen left home. He moved to the small town of Grimstad to become an apprentice pharmacist and began writing plays. In 1846, a liaison with a servant produced an illegitimate child, whom he later rejected. While Ibsendid pay some child support for fourteen years, he never met his illegitimate son, who ended up as a poor blacksmith. Ibsen went to Christiania (later renamed Oslo) intending to matriculate at the university. He soon rejected the idea (his earlier attempts at entering university were blocked as he did not pass all his entrance exams), preferring to commit himself to writing. His first play, the tragedy Catiline (1850), was published under the pseudonym "Brynjolf Bjarme", when he was only 22, but it was not performed. His first play to be staged, The Burial Mound (1850), received little attention. Still, Ibsen was determined to be a playwright, although the numerous plays he wrote in the following years remained unsuccessful.

'''Life and writings'''

He spent the next several years employed at the Norwegian Theatre in Bergen, where he was involved in the production of more than 145 plays as a writer, director, and producer. During this period he did not publish any new plays of his own. Despite Ibsen's failure to achieve success as a playwright, he gained a great deal of practical experience at the Norwegian Theater, experience that was to prove valuable when he continued writing.

Ibsen returned to Christiania in 1858 to become the creative director of Christiania's National Theater. He married Suzannah Thoresen the same year and she gave birth to their only child, Sigurd. The couple lived in very poor financial circumstances and Ibsen became very disenchanted with life in Norway. In 1864, he left Christiania and went to Sorrento in Italy in self-imposed exile. He was not to return to his native land for the next 27 years, and whenhe returned it was to be as a noted playwright, however controversial.

His next play, Brand (1865), was to bring him the critical acclaim he sought, along with a measure of financial success, as was the following play, Peer Gynt (1867), to which [http://www.geni.com/people/Edvard-Grieg/6000000004533589338 Edvard Grieg] famously composed incidental music and songs. Although Ibsen read excerpts of the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard and traces of the latter's influence are evident in Brand, it was not until after Brand that Ibsen came to take Kierkegaard seriously. Initially annoyed with his friend Georg Brandes for comparing Brand to Kierkegaard, Ibsen nevertheless read Either/Or and Fear and Trembling. Ibsen's next play Peer Gynt was consciouslyinformed by Kierkegaard.

With success, Ibsen became more confident and began to introduce more and more of his own beliefs and judgments into the drama, exploring what he termed the "drama of ideas". His next series of plays are often considered his Golden Age, when he entered the height of his power and influence, becoming the center of dramatic controversy across Europe.

Ibsen moved from Italy to Dresden, Germany in 1868, where he spent years writing the play he regarded as his main work, Emperor and Galilean (1873), dramatizing the life and times of the Roman emperor Julian the Apostate. Although Ibsen himself always looked back on this play as the cornerstone of his entire works, very few shared his opinion, and his next works would be much more acclaimed. Ibsen moved to Munich in 1875 and published A Doll's House in 1879. The play is a scathing criticism of the acceptance of traditional roles of men and women in Victorian marriage.

Ibsen followed A Doll's House with Ghosts (1881), another scathing commentary on Victorian morality, in which a widow reveals to her pastor that she had hidden the evils of her marriage for its duration. The pastor had advised her to marry her then fiancé despite his philandering, and she did so in the belief that her love would reform him. But she was not to receive the result she was promised. Her husband's philandering continued right up until his death, and the result is that her son is syphilitic. Even the mention of venereal disease was scandalous, but to show that even a person who followed society's ideals of morality had no protection against it, that was beyond scandalous.

In An Enemy of the People (1882), Ibsen went even further. In earlier plays, controversial elements were important and even pivotal components of the action, but they were on the small scale of individual households. In An Enemy,controversy became the primary focus, and the antagonist was the entire community. One primary message of the play is that the individual, who stands alone, is more often "right" than the mass of people, who are portrayed as ignorant and sheeplike. The Victorian belief was that the community was a noble institution that could be trusted, a notion Ibsen challenged. In An Enemy of the People, Ibsen chastised not only the right wing or 'Victorian' elements of society, but also the liberalism of the time. He illustrated how people on both sides of the social spectrum could be equally self-serving. An Enemy of the People was written as a response to the people who had rejected his previous work, Ghosts. The plot of the play is a veiled look at the way people reacted to the plot of Ghosts. The protagonist is a doctor, a pillar of the community. The town is a vacation spot whose primary draw is a public bath. Thedoctor discovers that the water used by the bath is being contaminated when it seeps through the grounds of a local tannery. He expects to be acclaimed for saving the town from the nightmare of infecting visitors with disease, but instead he is declared an 'enemy of the people' by the locals, who band against him and even throw stones through his windows. The play ends with his complete ostracism. It is obvious to the reader that disaster is in store for the town as well as for the doctor, due to the community's unwillingness to face reality.

As audiences by now expected of him, his next play again attacked entrenched beliefs and assumptions; but this time, his attack was not against the Victorians, but against overeager reformers and their idealism. Always the iconoclast, Ibsen was equally willing to tear down the ideologies of any part of the political spectrum, including his own.

The Wild Duck (1884) is considered by many to be Ibsen's finest work, and it is certainly the most complex. It tells the story of Gregers Werle, a young man who returns to his hometown after an extended exile and is reunited withhis boyhood friend Hjalmar Ekdal. Over the course of the play the many secrets that lie behind the Ekdals' apparently happy home are revealed to Gregers, who insists on pursuing the absolute truth, or the "Summons of the Ideal". Among these truths: Gregers' father impregnated his servant Gina, then married her off to Hjalmar to legitimize the child. Another man has been disgraced and imprisoned for a crime the elder Werle committed. Furthermore, while Hjalmar spends his days working on a wholly imaginary "invention", his wife is earning the household income.

Ibsen displays masterful use of irony: despite his dogmatic insistence on truth, Gregers never says what he thinks but only insinuates, and is never understood until the play reaches its climax. Gregers hammers away at Hjalmar through innuendo and coded phrases until he realizes the truth; Gina's daughter, Hedvig, is not his child. Blinded by Gregers' insistence on absolute truth, he disavows the child. Seeing the damage he has wrought, Gregers determinesto repair things, and suggests to Hedvig that she sacrifice the wild duck, her wounded pet, to prove her love for Hjalmar. Hedvig, alone among the characters, recognizes that Gregers always speaks in code, and looking for the deeper meaning in the first important statement Gregers makes which does not contain one, kills herself rather than the duck in order to prove her love for him in the ultimate act of self-sacrifice. Only too late do Hjalmar and Gregers realize that the absolute truth of the "ideal" is sometimes too much for the human heart to bear.

Letter from Ibsen to his English reviewer and translator Edmund Gosse: "30.8.[18]99. Dear Mr. Gosse! It was to me a hearty joy to receive your letter. So I will finally personal meet you and your wife. I am at home every day in the morning until 1 o'clock. I am happy and surprised of your excellent Norwegian! Yours friendly obliged Henrik Ibsen."

Interestingly, late in his career Ibsen turned to a more introspective drama that had much less to do with denunciations of Victorian morality. In such later plays as Hedda Gabler (1890) and The Master Builder (1892), Ibsen explored psychological conflicts that transcended a simple rejection of Victorian conventions. Many modern readers, who might regard anti-Victorian didacticism as dated, simplistic, and even clichéd, have found these later works to be of absorbing interest for their hard-edged, objective consideration of interpersonal confrontation. Hedda Gabler and The Master Builder center on female protagonists whose almost demonic energy proves both attractive and destructive for those around them. Hedda Gabler is probably Ibsen's most performed play, with the title role regarded as one of the most challenging and rewarding for an actress even in the present day. Hedda has a few similarities with the character of Nora in A Doll's House, but many of today's audiences and theater critics[who?] feel that Hedda's intensity and drive are much more complex and much less comfortably explained than what they view as rather routine feminism on the part of Nora.

Ibsen had completely rewritten the rules of drama with a realism which was to be adopted by Chekhov and others and which we see in the theater to this day. From Ibsen forward, challenging assumptions and directly speaking about issues has been considered one of the factors that makes a play art rather than entertainment. Ibsen returned to Norway in 1891, but it was in many ways not the Norway he had left. Indeed, he had played a major role in the changes that had happened across society. The Victorian Age was on its last legs, to be replaced by the rise of Modernism not only in the theater, but across public life.

'''Death'''

On 23 May 1906, Ibsen died in Christiania (now Oslo) after a series of strokes. When his nurse assured a visitor that he was a little better, Ibsen sputtered "On the contrary" and then died.

Ibsen was buried in Vår Frelsers gravlund ("The Graveyard of Our Savior") in central Oslo.

'''Centenary'''

In 2007, the 100th anniversary of Ibsen's death was commemorated in Norway and many other countries, and the year was dubbed the "Ibsen year" by Norwegian authorities.[citation needed]

On 23 May 2006, the occasion of the hundred-year commemoration of Ibsen's death, the Ibsen Museum reopened a completely restored writer's house with the original interior, colors, and decor.[citation needed]

Also in May 2006, a biographical puppet production of Ibsen's life named The Death of Little Ibsen debuted at New York City's Sanford Meisner Theater.

'''Works'''
* 1850 Catiline (Catilina)
* 1850 The Burial Mound also known as The Warrior's Barrow (Kjæmpehøjen)
* 1851 Norma (Norma)
* 1852 St. John's Eve (Sancthansnatten)
* 1854 Lady Inger of Oestraat (Fru Inger til Østeraad)
* 1855 The Feast at Solhaug (Gildet paa Solhoug)
* 1856 Olaf Liljekrans (Olaf Liljekrans)
* 1857 The Vikings at Helgeland (Hærmændene paa Helgeland)
* 1862 Digte - only released collection of poetry, included "Terje Vigen".
* 1862 Love's Comedy (Kjærlighedens Komedie)
* 1863 The Pretenders (Kongs-Emnerne)
* 1866 Brand (Brand)
* 1867 Peer Gynt (Peer Gynt)
* 1869 The League of Youth (De unges Forbund)
* 1873 Emperor and Galilean (Kejser og Galilæer)
* 1877 Pillars of Society (Samfundets Støtter)
* 1879 A Doll's House (Et Dukkehjem)
* 1881 Ghosts (Gengangere)
* 1882 An Enemy of the People (En Folkefiende)
* 1884 The Wild Duck (Vildanden)
* 1886 Rosmersholm (Rosmersholm)
* 1888 The Lady from the Sea (Fruen fra Havet)
* 1890 Hedda Gabler (Hedda Gabler)
* 1892 The Master Builder (Bygmester Solness)
* 1894 Little Eyolf (Lille Eyolf)
* 1896 John Gabriel Borkman (John Gabriel Borkman)
* 1899 When We Dead Awaken (Når vi døde vaagner)

-----------------

http://www.snl.no/.nbl_biografi/Henrik_Ibsen/utdypning

http://www.hf.uio.no/ibsensenteret/

Henrik Ibsen (født Henrik Johan Ibsen 20. mars 1828 i Skien, død 23. mai 1906 i Kristiania) var en norsk dramatiker av stor internasjonal betydning. Ibsen er omtalt som det moderne dramas far, og har påvirket en rekke kunstnere, fra George Bernard Shaw og Oscar Wilde, til James Joyce. Han er kjent for storverk som Peer Gynt, Kejser og Galilæer og Gengangere. Ibsen antas å være den nest mest spilte dramatikeren i verden, etter William Shakespeare. Han utgabøkene sine på Gyldendal forlag. Ibsen var også ansatt som sceneinstruktør ved Det norske Theater i Bergen fra 1851 til 1857 og som artistisk direktør ved Kristiania norske Theater i Møllergaten 1 inntil konkursen i 1862. I 1863 frem til utenlandsreisen i 1864 var han konsulent for Christiania Theater i Oslo.

---------------

På jakt etter etterkommere av Ibsen:

http://digitalarkivet.uib.no/cgi-win/WebDebatt.exe?slag=listinnlegg&debatt=brukar&temanr=42027&sok=&startnr=&antall=&spraak=&nr=5&antinnlegg=36#anker

Som barn var Henrik Ibsen ensom og stille. Faren hadde gått konkurs, og familiens anseelse var lav. Så fort han ble voksen nok flyttet han derfor vekk fra familien og til Grimstad. Men de sosiale forholdene ble ikke bedre der; Ibsen følte seg venneløs og lite ansett. Det gjorde ikke situasjonen bedre at han fikk barn med en 10 år eldre tjenestejente. Han arbeidet på apotek i flere år mens han leste til artium, og planen var å bli lege. 22 år gammel debuterte han imidlertid som dramatiker med . Visse strukturer fra dette første stykket går igjen i de fleste av Ibsens senere skuespill: forholdet mellom en mann og to kvinner, og , eller omvendt: en kvinnes forhold til og . Barnet er også ofte tilstede X levende eller

dødt.

Ibsen arbeidet som forfatter for Bergens norske teater og som kunstnerisk leder for Christiania norske Theater. I 1864 startet han det som skulle bli et 27 år langt utenlandsopphold, og mange av

hans mest kjente verker ble til utenfor Norges grenser. Med og ble Ibsen den mest kjente og mest omstridte dikteren i Skandinavia. De borgerlige dramaene og gjorde ham kjentvidere utover verden. Ingen nordisk forfatter har klart å oppta sin samtid på samme måte, eller påvirket åndslivet verden over i samme grad. Han er oversatt til utallige språk og fremføres fremdeles på scener over hele verden. Han var gift med Susannah Ibsen. Hammeren på gravmonumentet er et symbol hentet fra diktet
>:

Hammerslag på hammerslag

indtil livets siste dag.

Byd mig vejen, tunge hammer,

til det dulgtes hjertekammer!

Relaterte linker:

http://www.arkivverket.no/kristiansand/smakebiter/kjente/forfattere/ibsen.html

http://www.ibsen.net/

http://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henrik_Ibsen

http://fuv.hivolda.no/prosjekt/atlebolsen/henriki.html

http://www.hf.uio.no/ibsensenteret/

http://www.nb.no/nationaltheatret/

http://www.hf.uio.no/ibsensenteret/

http://www.dagbladet.no/ibsen/

http://www.bt.no/meninger/kronikk/article.jhtml?articleID=394271

http://runeberg.org/authors/ibsen.html

http://runeberg.org/ibsen/

http://www.skien.kommune.no/ITF-SKI/add/KnGWebsider.nsf/.XAppWPLookupNewsByUniversalID/801C1532935562A4C1256B35002BBEE7

http://kh.hd.uib.no/ibsen/hele.htm



--------------------

Henrik Johan Ibsen ( 20 March 1828 X 23 May 1906) was a major 19th-century Norwegian playwright of realistic drama and poet. He is often referred to as the "father of modern drama" and is one of the founders of modernism in the theatre.Alongside Knut Hamsun, Ibsen is held to be the greatest of Norwegian authors, celebrated as a national symbol by Norwegians, and one of the most important playwrights of all time.

His plays were considered scandalous to many of his era, when Victorian values of family life and propriety largely held sway in Europe and any challenge to them was considered immoral and outrageous. Ibsen's work examined the realities that lay behind many facades, possessing a revelatory nature that was disquieting to many contemporaries.

Ibsen introduced a critical eye and free inquiry into the conditions of life and issues of morality.

Family and youth:

Henrik Ibsen was born to Knud Ibsen and Marichen Altenburg, a relatively well-to-do merchant family, in the small port town of Skien, Norway, which was primarily noted for shipping timber. He was a descendant of some of the oldest and most distinguished families of Norway, including the Paus family. Ibsen later pointed out his distinguished ancestors and relatives in a letter to Georg Brandes. Shortly after his birth his family's fortunes took a significant turn for the worse. His mother turned to religion for solace and his father began to suffer from severe depression. The characters in his plays often mirror his parents and his themes often deal with issues of financial difficulty as well as moral conflicts stemming from dark secrets hidden from society.

At fifteen, Ibsen left home. He moved to the small town of Grimstad to become an apprentice pharmacist and began writing plays. In 1846, a liaison with a servant produced an illegitimate child, whom he later rejected. While Ibsendid pay some child support for fourteen years, he never met his illegitimate son, who ended up as a poor blacksmith. Ibsen went to Christiania (later renamed Oslo) intending to matriculate at the university. He soon rejected the idea (his earlier attempts at entering university were blocked as he did not pass all his entrance exams), preferring to commit himself to writing. His first play, the tragedy Catiline (1850), was published under the pseudonym "Brynjolf Bjarme," when he was only 22, but it was not performed. His first play to be staged, The Burial Mound (1850), received little attention. Still, Ibsen was determined to be a playwright, although the numerous plays he wrote in the following years remained unsuccessful.

Life and writings:

He spent the next several years employed at the Norwegian Theater in Bergen, where he was involved in the production of more than 145 plays as a writer, director, and producer. During this period he did not publish any new plays of his own. Despite Ibsen's failure to achieve success as a playwright, he gained a great deal of practical experience at the Norwegian Theater, experience that was to prove valuable when he continued writing.

Ibsen returned to Christiania in 1858 to become the creative director of Christiania's National Theater. He married Suzannah Thoresen the same year and she gave birth to their only child, Sigurd. The couple lived in very poor financial circumstances and Ibsen became very disenchanted with life in Norway. In 1864, he left Christiania and went to Sorrento in Italy in self-imposed exile. He was not to return to his native land for the next 27 years, and whenhe returned it was to be as a noted playwright, however controversial.

His next play, Brand (1865), was to bring him the critical acclaim he sought, along with a measure of financial success, as was the following play, Peer Gynt (1867), to which Edvard Grieg famously composed incidental music and songs. Although Ibsen read excerpts of the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard and traces of the latter's influence are evident in Brand, it was not until after Brand that Ibsen came to take Kierkegaard seriously. Initially annoyedwith his friend Georg Brandes for comparing Brand to Kierkegaard, Ibsen nevertheless read Either/Or and Fear and Trembling. Subsequently, Ibsen's next play Peer Gynt was consciously informed by Kierkegaard.[3][4]

With success, Ibsen became more confident and began to introduce more and more of his own beliefs and judgments into the drama, exploring what he termed the "drama of ideas." His next series of plays are often considered his Golden Age, when he entered the height of his power and influence, becoming the center of dramatic controversy across Europe.

Portrait from around 1870Ibsen moved from Italy to Dresden, Germany in 1868, where he spent years writing the play he regarded as his main work, Emperor and Galilean (1873), dramatizing the life and times of the Roman emperor Julian the Apostate. Although Ibsen himself always looked back on this play as the cornerstone of his entire works, very few shared his opinion, and his next works would be much more acclaimed. Ibsen moved to Munich in 1875 and published A Doll's House in 1879. The play is a scathing criticism of the blind acceptance of traditional roles of men and women in Victorian marriage.

Ibsen followed A Doll's House with Ghosts (1881), another scathing commentary on Victorian morality, in which a widow reveals to her pastor that she had hidden the evils of her marriage for its duration. The pastor had advised her to marry her then fiancé despite his philandering, and she did so in the belief that her love would reform him. But she was not to receive the result she was promised. Her husband's philandering continued right up until his death, and the result is that her son is syphilitic. Even the mention of venereal disease was scandalous, but to show that even a person who followed society's ideals of morality had no protection against it, that was beyond scandalous. Hers was not the noble life which Victorians believed would result from fulfilling one's duty rather than following one's desires. Those idealized beliefs were only the Ghosts of the past, haunting the present.

In An Enemy of the People (1882), Ibsen went even further. In earlier plays, controversial elements were important and even pivotal components of the action, but they were on the small scale of individual households. In An Enemy,controversy became the primary focus, and the antagonist was the entire community. One primary message of the play is that the individual, who stands alone, is more often "right" than the mass of people, who are portrayed as ignorant and sheeplike. The Victorian belief was that the community was a noble institution that could be trusted, a notion Ibsen challenged. In An Enemy of the People Ibsen chastised not only the right wing or 'Victorian' elements ofsociety but also the liberalism of the time. He illustrated how people on both sides of the social spectrum could be equally self-serving. An Enemy of the People was written as a response to the people who had rejected his previous work, Ghosts. The plot of the play is a veiled look at the way people reacted to the plot of Ghosts. The protagonist is a doctor, a pillar of the community. The town is a vacation spot whose primary draw is a public bath. The doctor discovers that the water used by the bath is being contaminated when it seeps through the grounds of a local tannery. He expects to be acclaimed for saving the town from the nightmare of infecting visitors with disease, but instead he is declared an 'enemy of the people' by the locals, who band against him and even throw stones through his windows. The play ends with his complete ostracism. It is obvious to the reader that disaster is in store for the town as well as for the doctor, due to the community's unwillingness to face reality.

As audiences by now expected of him, his next play again attacked entrenched beliefs and assumptionsXbut this time his attack was not against the Victorians but against overeager reformers and their idealism. Always the iconoclast, Ibsen was equally willing to tear down the ideologies of any part of the political spectrum, including his own.

The Wild Duck (1884) is considered by many to be Ibsen's finest work, and it is certainly the most complex. It tells the story of Gregers Werle, a young man who returns to his hometown after an extended exile and is reunited withhis boyhood friend Hjalmar Ekdal. Over the course of the play the many secrets that lie behind the Ekdals' apparently happy home are revealed to Gregers, who insists on pursuing the absolute truth, or the "Summons of the Ideal". Among these truths: Gregers' father impregnated his servant Gina, then married her off to Hjalmar to legitimize the child. Another man has been disgraced and imprisoned for a crime the elder Werle committed. And while Hjalmar spends his days working on a wholly imaginary "invention", his wife is earning the household income.

Ibsen displays masterful use of irony: despite his dogmatic insistence on truth, Gregers never says what he thinks but only insinuates, and is never understood until the play reaches its climax. Gregers hammers away at Hjalmar through innuendo and coded phrases until he realizes the truth; Gina's daughter, Hedvig, is not his child. Blinded by Gregers' insistence on absolute truth, he disavows the child. Seeing the damage he has wrought, Gregers determinesto repair things, and suggests to Hedvig that she sacrifice the wild duck, her wounded pet, to prove her love for Hjalmar. Hedvig, alone among the characters, recognizes that Gregers always speaks in code, and looking for the deeper meaning in the first important statement Gregers makes which does not contain one, kills herself rather than the duck in order to prove her love for him in the ultimate act of self-sacrifice. Only too late do Hjalmar and Gregers realize that the absolute truth of the "ideal" is sometimes too much for the human heart to bear.

Letter from Ibsen to his English reviewer and translator Edmund Gosse: "30.8.[18]99. Dear Mr. Gosse! It was to me a hearty joy to receive your letter. So I will finally personal meet you and your wife. I am at home every day in the morning until 1 o'clock. I am happy and surprised of your excellent Norwegian! Yours friendly obliged Henrik Ibsen."Interestingly, late in his career Ibsen turned to a more introspective drama that had much less to do with denunciations of Victorian morality. In such later plays as Hedda Gabler (1890) and The Master Builder (1892) Ibsen explored psychological conflicts that transcended a simple rejection of Victorian conventions. Many modern readers, who might regard anti-Victorian didacticism as dated, simplistic and even clichéd, have found these later works to be of absorbing interest for their hard-edged, objective consideration of interpersonal confrontation. Hedda Gabler and The Master Builder center on female protagonists whose almost demonic energy proves both attractive and destructive for those around them. Hedda Gabler is probably Ibsen's most performed play, with the title role regarded as one of the most challenging and rewarding for an actress even in the present day. There are a few similarities between Hedda and the character of Nora in A Doll's House, but many of today's audiences and theater critics feel that Hedda's intensity and drive are much more complex and much less comfortably explained than what they view as rather routine feminism on the part of Nora.

Ibsen had completely rewritten the rules of drama with a realism which was to be adopted by Chekhov and others and which we see in the theater to this day. From Ibsen forward, challenging assumptions and directly speaking about issues has been considered one of the factors that makes a play art rather than entertainment. Ibsen returned to Norway in 1891, but it was in many ways not the Norway he had left. Indeed, he had played a major role in the changes that had happened across society. The Victorian Age was on its last legs, to be replaced by the rise of Modernism not only in the theater, but across public life.

Death:

Ibsen died in Christiania (now Oslo) on May 23, 1906 after a series of strokes. When his nurse assured a visitor that he was a little better, Ibsen sputtered "On the contrary" and died.

He was buried in Vår Frelsers gravlund ("The Graveyard of Our Savior") in central Oslo. In 2006 the 100th anniversary of Ibsen's death was commemorated in Norway and many other countries, and the year dubbed the "Ibsen year" by Norwegian authorities. On May 23, 2006 - the occasion of the hundred-year commemoration of Ibsen's death - the Ibsen Museum reopened a completely restored writer's home with the original interior, original colors and decor. Also inMay 2006, a biographical puppet production of Ibsen's life named 'The Death of Little Ibsen' debuted at New York City's Sanford Meisner Theater.

DNA-analyse tar livet av Ibsen-rykter:

http://www.dagbladet.no/2009/11/22/kultur/ibsen/teater/farskap/bok/9155978/ 
Ibsen, Henrik Johan (I26490)
 
102 Han tog i 1544 afgangseksamen i filosofi og kort
efter magistereksamen, 1551 professor i fysikken
ved Kjøbenhavns Universitet, 9. mar. 1553
medicinor baccalaureus, 1554 docent mediciner
og 16. juni 1557 biskop over Bergens Stift.
Han blev magister i Wittenberg og 1547
professor pædagogicus i København. I 1551 er
*physicus* Jens Skjelderup assistent hos Peter
Capeteyn. Han begyndte at læse medicin under
sin ansættelse hos Capeteyn og modtog den
første licentiatgrad i medicin fra Københavns
Universitet. Omtrent samtidig ægtede han
Capeteyns datter. Da pestepidemien brød ud,
ønskede physicus Skjelderup at blive læge og
indtræde i det medicinske fakultet. Hjulpet af sin
svigerfar blev han i 1554 immatrikuleret ved
Rostock Universitet, hvor han samme aXr blev dr.
med.6
Den 19. april 1565, drog han til Danmark, for at
hente arven efter sin faders død, og var udi stor
livsfare *under Jullandt*. Den 25. juli 1565, kom
han tilbage fra Danmark hen mod aften, *kom fra
Randers til Skien, oc siden til lands indtil
Hardanger, oc saa til Byen.*2
At han rejste fra Randers kunne indikere, at
hans familie stammede fra Skjellerup by ved
Hobro, ikke langt fra Randers.
Den 19. novbr. 1567 fortælles det (i et
diplom/brev) at: *hederlig oc høglerd herre doctor
Jens Schelderop wor superintende(n)s oc
medbroder wdj forne capitel [domkircken wdj
Bergen] sampt hans kere hustru Susanna oc
beggis theris elschelige børn oc aruinge ...* -
udtrykket "beggis theris" henviser til forældrene og
skal ikke tolkes som at der 1567 kun var to børn i
ægteskabet. Samtidig skriver Absalon Pederssøn
om sønnen Torberns død: *7 Martij 1563,
Dominica Reminiscere, lige som klocken slo fult
sex, doXde doctor Iens Schellerups soXn Torbern,
hues moder heder Susanna, och hans elste broder
Daniel och elste soXster, och den eniste igenleffuer
Adrian.* - Dette tyder paX at kun et barn var i live
1563, datteren Adriane.
Bysp i Berenn doctter Jens Skillrop hans hystro
hede Susana; othe disse BoXrn: Peder, Marien,
Adriana, Ellin.7
Schøning skriver om hans moder at hun var
*landflygtig fra Holland f. Dau de Alba*, men dette
kan tænkes være en forveksling med biskopens
hustru Susanna Leonardsdatter. 
Schielderup, Jens Pederssøn Biskop i Bergen (I47803)
 
103 http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:NBN:no-a1450-kb20050808030399.jpg Fosse, Magnus Kristen Berntson (I15)
 
104 kapellan, Sogneprest

''Jens Reinholdtsøn Schive''', dbt. i Domkirken 7/2 1731.

'''Residerende kapellan til Orkedalen'''. I sin prestehistorie beretter Erlandsen om ham at han blev dimittert fra Trondhjems skole 1750 og erholdt til theol. Examen den 3/7 1756 og Dimispækenen karakteren non contemnend.

Den 24. s ept. 1756 utnevntes han til pers. kapellan hos sognepresten til Overhalden hr. Morien Lund, hvortil han ordineredes av Biskop Nannestad i Trondhjem 19/10 næstefter, og var i samme egenskap en kort tid hos dennes eftermand i kaldet hr. Jørgen Darre indtil 1758, da hen utnevntes t il resid. kapellan i samme kald.

Den 26. februar 1762 blev han forflyttet til Orkedalen og sees at ha forrettet første gang i dette embede 3dje paaskedag (o: 13. april) 1762 i Svorkmo kirke; her døde han 28/6 1778.

Pastor Jens Schive har i et eksemplar av en dansk bibelutgave fra 1740 efterladt flere notat er der knytter sig til hans og hans nærmestes liv og som gjengives tilslut i nærværende arbei de; bibelen her gaat i arv i hans søn, Lauritz Møller Schives slegtlinje, hvor der i tidens løp er tilføiet notaterne en flerhet av data der knytter sig til denne linje av slegten.

Gift Iste gang på Løkkens Verk 7/12 1762 med Gjertrud Dorothea Jonstrup, efter hvem samfrende skifte forrettedes 8/10 1764 (Dalene Skifteprotokol 1741-69, fol. 736) og som var en datter av kaptein Joachim Fredrik Johnstrup og Ellen Birgitte Møller, der døde 24/12 1766 i sit hus i Ihlen (Trondhjem), idet hun blev kvalt av sin pike Elen Jonsdtr ,,der havde undvegen sin Tjeneste".

Denne Presten Schives første hustru har formentlig opholdt sig i huset hos sin morbroder, den her nedenfor omtalte bergskriver og kasserer ved Løkkens verk Lauritz Møller, fra hvis hus hun i ethvertfald er blit gift. Foruten bergskriver Lauritz Møller hadde Ellen Dorothea Jonstrup en anden morbroder i Sognepresten til Orlandet hr. Hans Møller Meintz, der her findes nærmere omtalt under avsnittet om Presten Jens Schives familiebibel og som delte sam me skjebne som hendes moder, idet han blev drept på landveien 1763.

'''2den gang egtet Pastor Jens Schive i Svorkmo kirke (vies av Provsten Ole Ross) den 27/11 176 4 sin første hustrus kusine Marie Lucie Møller''', født på Svorkmo 13/1 1747, konfirmert 1/11 17 61 og død s.steds 1/4 1772. Datter av Bergskriver og kasserer ved Løkkens Verk Lauritz Hanse n Møller, efter hvem skifte paabegyndtes i hans temmelig gunstig stillede bo 12/11 1781 ,,i P articipianternes hus paa Svorkmo hytteplads" i dennes 2det egteskap (fra2/2 1744) med Apolona Müller.
--------------------
Vi var bosatt i Overhalden og Orkedalen 
Schive, Jens Reinholdsen (I89561)
 
105 Kaptein Bergenhus regiment Spørck, Børre Strøm Von (I853)
 
106 Reverand, chaplin (first wanensteen), Prest

Ove Auge Oveson
Sex: M

Event(s)

Birth: 1654

Stele, Vang, Oppland, Norway

Death: 1714

Parents

Marriage(s)

Spouse: Kirsten Larsdotte Disc #148 Pin #3024674

Marriage: 
Wangensteen-hvide, Ove Ovesen (I27464)
 
107 Se mer om folket paX dette bruket under hovedbolken "etter 4-delingen av Lysegarden", nytt bruk 1 Håheller, Ola IV Rasmusson (I63194)
 
108 Se mer om folket paX dette bruket under hovedbolken "etter 4-delingen av Lysegarden", nytt bruk 1 Håheller, Ola IV Rasmusson (I63194)
 
109 Sogneprest i Grønlands menighet i Oslo (theol cand), sogneprest
See Wikipedia entry; does not match with the death date we have here.

Johan Andreas Welhaven (1748-1811), was 17 years old to Bergen as a disciple ("Junge") on the Hanseatic Bryggen. After six years he had been "Gesell". In time he became a teacher at the German poor school established in 1777 in connection with the German church in Bergen. Later he became organist and bells of that church. He married Elizabeth Margaret Woltmann (d. 1814), she also from North-East Germany. Johan Andreas Welhaven seems to have been a hard working man as well as to acquire the Norwegian language cost of higher education for his three sons, among them Johan Ernst Welhaven. -Wikipedia

Hans sønn, Johan Andreas Welhaven (1748-1811), kom 17 år gammel til Bergen som læresvein («junge») på Hansabryggen. Etter seks år var han blitt «gesell». Med tiden ble han lærer ved den tyske fattigskolen opprettet i 1777 i tilknytning til Tyskerkirken i Bergen. Senere ble han også organist og klokker i nevnte kirke. Han giftet seg med Elisabeth Margrethe Woltmann (d. 1814), også hun fra Nordøst-Tyskland. Johan Andreas Welhaven ser ut til å ha vært en hardt arbeidende mann som foruten å tilegne seg det norske språket kostet høyere utdannelse for sine tre sønner, der i blant Johan Ernst Welhaven. -Wikipedia 
Welhaven, Johan Andreas Sogneprest (I49978)
 
110 Sogneprest til Stavanger 1598, kannik 1608. Afskediget paX grund af sygelighed 1610.
Købmand i Stavanger, da han ved kongelig skrivelse af 2. jan. 1620 erholdt som saXdan
Skattefrihed indtil en aXrlig indtægt af 200 rdlr. for sig og Hustru.
Sogneprest, siden kjøpmann i Stvgr. 
Eriksen, Jens Jørgensen (I66018)
 
111 Sognepræst til Tolgen.82
Han ble 1695 pers. Kapell. i Holtaalen hos sin Svigerfader; dertil ordin. 31. mai s. A. af
Biskop Krog; blev 19. okt. 1706 Kapell. hos Hr. Nils Jensen Friis til Tønsæt og 30. sept. 1735
første Sgpr. til Tolgens Prstgj., efterat dette var skilt fra Tønsæt som et frit Sognekald.204
Skifte 14 feb. 1741, Tolgen Præstegaard204: Boet eiede Gaarden Kirkebakken i Tolgen,
af Skyld 1 Kalvskind, som Afdøde havde kjøbt af sin Formand Hr. Anders Wangbergs Enke,
Johanne Marie, ved Skjøde af 28. april 1707, thingl. 26. juni s. A. Boets samlede Formue var
832 Rdlr.. 
Schielderup, Anders Mikkelsen (I64077)
 
112 stuart Stuart, Charles II King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (I68589)
 
113 !Død: ;;;;;
!Død: ;;;;; 
Tellefsen, Peder (I80862)
 
114 !Louisa through her marriage became Queen of Denmark and Norway of Great Britain, Louise Dronning af Danmark og Norge (I96007)
 
115 !Note: Also Duchess of Sachsen-Eisenach Nassau, Amalie Herzogin zu Sachsen-Eisenach (I96622)
 
116 !Note: Also Duchess of Wurttemberg Württemberg, Sofie Charlotte Herzogin zu Sachsen-Eisenach (I68420)
 
117 !Note: Also duchess of Wurttemberg Brandenburg-Ansbach, Eleonore Juliane Pss Of Herzogin zu Württemberg-Winnental (I96347)
 
118 !Note: Duchess of Brunswick-Calenberg Hessen, Anne Eleonore Herzogin zu Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Für (I96149)
 
119 !Note: Elector of Hannover von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Ernst August Fürst zu Calenberg, Kurfürst zu Brauns (I96582)
 
120 !Note: Elector of Hannover von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Georg I Ludwig King of Great Britain and Ireland, Kurf? (I96683)
 
121 !Note: Electress of Hannover Wittelsbach, Sophia Kurfürstin zu Braunschweig-Lüneburg (I68583)
 
122 !Note: Princess of Hannover Hannover, Welf, Sophia Charlotte Kurfürstin zu Brandenburg, Königin in (I96687)
 
123 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming. He cites -
Genealogiska Byran Tab C1v, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden, and Family records of Alden H. Anderson.
Words written on family group sheet - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt
kalla.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: The number 29992 was entered into the Baptism field of the family
group sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming. He cites -
Genealogiska Byran Tab C1v, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden, and Family records of Alden H. Anderson.
Words written on family group sheet - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt
kalla.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: The number 29992 was entered into the Baptism field of the family
group sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming. He cites -
Genealogiska Byran Tab C1v, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden, and Family records of Alden H. Anderson.
Words written on family group sheet - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt
kalla.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: The number 29992 was entered into the Baptism field of the family
group sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming. He cites -
Genealogiska Byran Tab C1v, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden, and Family records of Alden H. Anderson.
Words written on family group sheet - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt
kalla.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: The number 29992 was entered into the Baptism field of the family
group sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
Munthe, Jöns (I68947)
 
124 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming. He cites -
Hans Munthe Med. Forut Johanna Chrisrina Rosemus Fodd 1697. Uppgeftema
Homtate us Tryckt Kalla. Information from TABXXV1 Tullforwaltaren.
Genealogiska Bryan, Ella Heckscher Uppsala Sweden.
NAME:
BIRTH: Alternate spelling of birthplace - Aklenskare
BAPTISM: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
Number written in baptism field of FGS - 30019.
ENDOWMENT: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S: Alternate date 11 Apr 1985, IF.
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming. He cites -
Hans Munthe Med. Forut Johanna Chrisrina Rosemus Fodd 1697. Uppgeftema
Homtate us Tryckt Kalla. Information from TABXXV1 Tullforwaltaren.
Genealogiska Bryan, Ella Heckscher Uppsala Sweden.
NAME:
BIRTH: Alternate spelling of birthplace - Aklenskare
BAPTISM: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
Number written in baptism field of FGS - 30019.
ENDOWMENT: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S: Alternate date 11 Apr 1985, IF.
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
Svensson Munthe, Hans (I97429)
 
125 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab C1V, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
(note typed on FGS - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt Kalla.
Another FGS from Alden H. Anderson lists the following reference number
F849554 S/N: 00254-1 MFID: 00838815.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM:
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
Hustrun omgift 1631 Med Professorn Wolfgang Rhuman i Kopenhamn, Fodd
1572, dod 4-7-1673. Uppgifterna hamtade ur tryckt kalla.
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
de Fine, Anna Catharina Arnoldsdotter (I36219)
 
126 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab C1V, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
(note typed on FGS - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt Kalla.
Another FGS from Alden H. Anderson lists the following reference numbers
F849554 S/N 00251-6 MFID: 00838813.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM:
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
Hustrun omgift 1631 Med Professorn Wolfgang Rhuman i Kopenhamn, Fodd
1572, dod 4-7-1673. Uppgifterna hamtade ur tryckt kalla.
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
Munthe, Hans Ludvigsen (I36220)
 
127 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab C1V, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
(note typed on FGS - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt Kalla.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: 29990 is the number listed in the Baptism field on a FGS from Alden H.
Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT: Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
Swensson, Nils (I52922)
 
128 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab C1V, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
(note typed on FGS - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt Kalla.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number in Baptism field - 29989. FGS from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell,
Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
Hustrun omgift 1631 Med Professorn Wolfgang Rhuman i Kopenhamn, Fodd
1572, dod 4-7-1673. Uppgifterna hamtade ur tryckt kalla.
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab C1V, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
(note typed on FGS - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt Kalla.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number in Baptism field - 29989. FGS from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell,
Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
Hustrun omgift 1631 Med Professorn Wolfgang Rhuman i Kopenhamn, Fodd
1572, dod 4-7-1673. Uppgifterna hamtade ur tryckt kalla.
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab C1V, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
(note typed on FGS - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt Kalla.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number in Baptism field - 29989. FGS from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell,
Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
Hustrun omgift 1631 Med Professorn Wolfgang Rhuman i Kopenhamn, Fodd
1572, dod 4-7-1673. Uppgifterna hamtade ur tryckt kalla.
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab C1V, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
(note typed on FGS - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt Kalla.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number in Baptism field - 29989. FGS from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell,
Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
Hustrun omgift 1631 Med Professorn Wolfgang Rhuman i Kopenhamn, Fodd
1572, dod 4-7-1673. Uppgifterna hamtade ur tryckt kalla.
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
Munthe, Dorothea Arnoldsdatter (I49296)
 
129 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab C1V, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
(note typed on FGS - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt Kalla.
NAME:
BIRTH: Alternate birthplace spelling on another FGS from Alden H. Anderson,
Lovell, Wyoming - Telajobs Prestgard Squalland Danmark.
BAPTISM:
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
Hustrun omgift 1631 Med Professorn Wolfgang Rhuman i Kopenhamn, Fodd
1572, dod 4-7-1637. Uppgifterna hamtade ur tryckt kalla.
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
Munthe, Arnold Hansen (I36221)
 
130 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab C1V, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
(note typed on FGS - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt Kalla.
NAME: (Krykoherden) tab C1V was written beside his name on FGS.
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number in Baptism field - 29988. Family Group Sheet from Alden H.
Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
Munthe, Hans Arnoldsen (I49295)
 
131 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab C1V, CC1X, L11..CCV111. Ella Heckscher Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
(note typed on FGS - Uppgifterna Hamtade - ur Tryckt Kalla.
NAME: Tab CC1X was written beside her name on FGS. On another FGS from Alden H.
Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming, her name is listed as Anna Swensson.
BIRTH: CCIX is also written in the Birth date field on another FGS from Alden
H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
BAPTISM: Number in Baptism field - 29991. Family Group Sheet from Alden H.
Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming
ENDOWMENT:
SEALING-P:
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
Kjærulf, Christina Svendsdatter (I52921)
 
132 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab, C1V-L11-CV-XXv1-,, Ella Hechkscher, Uppsalla
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number written in Baptism field 29993. Family Group Sheet from Alden
H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
Hansson Munthe, Sven (I68948)
 
133 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab, C1V-L11-CV-XXv1-,, Ella Hechkscher, Uppsalla
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
NAME: Name is also listed as Lovisa Pederson on a Pedigree chart from Alden H.
Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
BIRTH: Alternate spelling of birthplace - Bosarp?
BAPTISM: Number written in Baptism field 30024. Family Group Sheet from Alden
H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
Pedersdotter, Lovisa (Louise) (I97427)
 
134 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab, C1V-L11-CV-XXv1-,, Ella Keckscher, Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number written in Baptism field - 30020. Family Group Sheet from
Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab, C1V-L11-CV-XXv1-,, Ella Keckscher, Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number written in Baptism field - 30020. Family Group Sheet from
Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab, C1V-L11-CV-XXv1-,, Ella Keckscher, Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number written in Baptism field - 30020. Family Group Sheet from
Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab, C1V-L11-CV-XXv1-,, Ella Keckscher, Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number written in Baptism field - 30020. Family Group Sheet from
Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
Munthe, Gunilla Catharina (I97428)
 
135 !SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab, C1V-L11-CV-XXv1-,, Ella Keckscher, Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number written in Baptism field - 30021. Family Group Sheet from
Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab, C1V-L11-CV-XXv1-,, Ella Keckscher, Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number written in Baptism field - 30021. Family Group Sheet from
Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab, C1V-L11-CV-XXv1-,, Ella Keckscher, Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number written in Baptism field - 30021. Family Group Sheet from
Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE:

!SOURCE DOCUMENTATION:
Genealogiska Bryan Tab, C1V-L11-CV-XXv1-,, Ella Keckscher, Uppsala
Sweden. Family records of Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
NAME:
BIRTH:
BAPTISM: Number written in Baptism field - 30021. Family Group Sheet from
Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
ENDOWMENT: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
SEALING-P: Family Group Sheet from Alden H. Anderson, Lovell, Wyoming.
MARRIAGE:
SEALING-S:
DEATH:
BURIAL:

*GENERAL NOTES:
OCCUPATION:
EDUCATION:
RESIDENCY:
MILITARY SERVICE: 
Svensson Munthe, Peter (I97430)
 
136 !Source:
From the records of Katherine Findlay. 
Hepburn, James 1st & last Duke of Orkney (I75023)
 
137 " Han var som Barn stille og alvorlig, havde tidlig et aabent Xje for Naturen, afskrev allerede i sit 8. Aar til eget Brug Hornemanns Plantelµre og havde som Dreng gjennemstuderet Cuviers ½Regne animalX. Til sit 16. Aar blev han undervist af Faderen, en dygtig Latiner af den gamle Skole, og havde i Pastor G°tzsche i Tostrup, med hvem han deltog i Exkursioner, en Vejleder i Botanik og Ornithologi. Da de to µldre Br°dre studerede, var det Hensigten, at Salomon, skj°nt han havde overordentlig Lyst til Bogen, skulde sµttes til en anden Livsvirksomhed; ved Moderens Bestrµbelser lykkedes det dog i 1829 at faa ham sat i Viborg Skole, hvorfra han blev Student i 1833. Han gjorde en daarliganden Examen paa Grund af, at han strax med al sin Flid kastede sig over Naturvidenskaben. Han begyndte derefter paa det medicinske Studium, men det varede meget kort, da hele hans Hu stod til Studiet af Planteriget. Han levede iflere Aar under meget trange Kaar og boede paa et lille Tagkammer hos en i Kj°benhavn bosat Bekjendt fra hans Hjemstavn. Han bes°gte grumme lidt Forelµsninger, men foretrak at studere paa egen Haand, ved hvilket Selvstudium han ganske vist spildte megen Tid, men vandt i videnskabelig Selvstµndighed. Baade Reinhardt, Hornemann og Schouw interesserede sig for ham og skaffede ham offentlig Underst°ttelse og Lµrervirksomhed, saa at han fra 1837 fik en noget mere sorgl°s Tilvµrelse; i dette Aar og et Par Gange senere foretog han paa offentlig Bekostning Rejser, isµr i Jylland, for at samle Planter til ½Flora DanicaX.


I 1839 µgtede han Vilhelmine Vest, flyttede i den Anledning fra Regensen og stiftede sit eget Hjem. Kaarene vare smaa, men det blev en Spore til for°get Virksomhed, der bl. a. r°bede sig i en Rµkke Skrifter, der udkom i det f°lgende Par Aar. Hans f°rste trykte Artikel var ½Paralleler mellem Pattedyr og FugleX, som optoges i ½Dansk UgeskriftX. Alle hans senere Arbejder ere botaniske; blandt disse maa sµrlig fremhµves hans meget benyttede ½Flora excursoria HafniensisX (1838), som udmµrker sig ved sine korte, fyndige Diagnoser, og hans ½Lµrebog i den botaniske Terminologi og SystemlµreX (1839), af hvilken isµr den terminologiske Del har krµvet betydeligt Arbejde. End videre meddelte han en Rµkke botaniske Bidrag i Kr°yers ½Naturhist. Tidsskr.X, af hvilke hans ½Revisio critica caricum borealiumX har faaet varigst Betydning, ligesom han ogsaa udgav en Del Oversµttelser og nogle Lµreb°ger. I 1840 disputerede hanfor Magistergraden, og i sin Dissertation, ½Elementa phyllologiµX, hµvdede han meget skarpt sin Opfattelse af den botaniske Videnskab. Han havde tidlig og med stor Begejstring sluttet sig til den naturfilosofiske Skole, hvis Reprµsentant i Botanikken var H. G. L. Reichenbach, og sµrlig til den Grundsµtning, at Totalorganismen f°lger samme Udviklingstrin som Individet. Han ansaa Planteverdenen for at udgj°re et, efter et bestemt Princip, fra f°rste Fµrd dannet System, og det gjaldt for ham om at gjenkonstruere dette System af konstante Arter. Han agtede kun ringe den blotte empiriske Virksomhed, der uden et saadant Maal arbejder med Kniv og Mikroskop for at opdage Enkeltheder. Han levede kun ikke lµnge nok for at komme bort fra sit filosofiske Standpunkt og sit doktrinµre Tredelings princip. -- Hans store Iver og Djµrvhed under Kampen for det, han ansaa for Sandhed, i Forbindelse med hans kritiske Sans, bragte ham, trods hans godmodige Karakter, ofte til at anvende en skarp Kritik i litterµre Anmeldelser og i Polemik, saaledes modJ. H. Bredsdorff og A. S. Xrsted.


Hvad D.s ydre Stilling angaar, forbedredes den efterhaanden, i det han allerede 1838 og 1840 var konstitueret som botanisk Docent under Hornemanns Sygdom og Schouws Fravµrelse; i 1840 blev han ansat som Docent ved Veterinµrskolen, og det f°lgende Aar blev Udgivelsen af ½Flora DanicaX overdraget til ham. Hans sidste Arbejde var ½Symbolµ caricologicµX, der efter hans D°d blev udgivet af Videnskabernes Selskab.


D. havde megen musikalsk Sans, spillede selv Violin med ikke ringe Fµrdighed, studerede Generalbas og komponerede et og andet i sine sidste Leveaar; en af disse Kompositioner blev benyttet til en Kantate, der udf°rtes ved hans Bisµttelse i Frue Kirke. I Vinteren 1842 havde D. gjentagne Angreb af et heftigt Maveonde, hvorefter en Hjµrneaffektion endte hans Liv 21. April, efter Formodning hidr°rende fra hyppig Brug af giftig Snustobak. St. St. Blicher helligede ham et Mindedigt i ½Randers AmtsavisX for 6. Maj s. A. -- Videnskaben tabte i ham en dygtig Forsker, og han var vistnok med rette anset for den mest lovende af samtidige danske Botanikere." 
Drejer, Salomon Thomas Nicolay (I67408)
 
138 "..paa Hele i Vaagen, hvilket Sted han hadde "arvet etter Faderen""..Wilhelmine Brandt: Slægten Benkestok s. 167 ".. Boet avsluttes 23 juli 1786. Boets midlerutgjorde 7449 rdlr. .." Ukjent (muligens en Hammarøy prest): Ursinslekta Hamarøygreina Ursin, Hans Pauli Andersen (I88554)
 
139 "Aar 1772 den 5te juni Begraved i St Mortens Kirrke Provstinde Olivarius, 74 Aar, med Talle oXver hende".

Fick i allt 13 barn varav 5 dog som smaX 
Schmidt, Kirstine Magdalene Clementsdatter (I91196)
 
140 "Aar 1798 den 20 Januar doXde og den 26 samme Maaned begravedes madam Dorothea Marie Olivarius, afg. Sognepraest ved St Michels Kirke i Slagels Hr Frantz Thestrup Stampes Enke. 75 Aar. Olivarius, Dorothea Maria Amalie (I91199)
 
141 "Bør-Ole" Larsen, Andreas (I38544)
 
142 "Bør-Ole" Larsen, Andreas (I38544)
 
143 "Datter af Niels Ebbesen Flensborger og Elisabeth (Lisbet) Augustinusdatter Wivel. Maret, s fik Hr. Jens Skelderup i Nordland." (Gerhard Schøning (1722-1780). Det kgl. Bibliotek i København. Håndskriftssamling.: De Johanssoners Slegte-Register)

Hun er nevnt kun med fornavn Marithe i mannens skifte 

Nielsdatter Flensborg, Maritte (I66088)
 
144 "eine der bedeutendsten Flensburger Kaufleute". Mechlenborg, Oluf Olufssøn "den yngre" (I64026)
 
145 "Fikk en bonde her i kaldet." Fra Bu's. Løget, N.N. Persdotter (I81349)
 
146 "Han kom i en ganske ung Alder til Amsterdam paa Borgermester Brouwers Kontor. ..., og ægtede en Broderdatter af dets Chef, der selv ingen Børn havde." Ancher, Jan Brouwer (I49761)
 
147 "MAGNUS"; MARGRAVE OF BADEN-DURLACH von Baden-Durlach, Freidrich VII Magnus Markgraf (I96796)
 
148 "Nasalaus-Katrine" Rosenberg, Anne Katherine Gulbrandsdatter (I38591)
 
149 "Nemd i 1505, då ho fekk 3 løpsbol i garden Høynum i Hafslo av sin frænde Olav Aslaksson (H.D.D. VI s. 55-56)." oversettelsen av denne dommen er å finne i Benkestokk rapporten. Kruckow, Adelus Eriksdatter til Talgje (I75058)
 
150 "Neseløs-Børre" Henriksen, Børre (I21113)
 

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